The decade that introduced Rubik's cube, Carl Sagan's "Cosmos," Cabbage Patch Dolls, punk rock, Game Boy and MTV also represented a colourful time in fashion history. The 1980s saw people begin to diverge into more individualised fashion trends, following their own contemporary codes influenced by such trendsetters as Michael Jackson wearing one glove and glitter suits, Nancy Regan in conservative attire, and punk rockers with holes in their acid-washed jeans.
The "power suit" designed by Yves Saint Laurent coincided with women's rise of influence in the business world. Soft bows, as were worn by Nancy Reagan, were the feminine counterpart to the man's tie. Television shows "Dallas" and "Dynasty" took the power suit one-step further, creating a look called "power dressing," which became a mainstay throughout the decade, characterised by rich materials, high heels and puffed-up hairdos. Shoulder pads inserted in all tops, including knitwear, showed off skinny waists, while beading and glitter decorated outfits and accessories.
Princess Di was a fashion icon of the '80s, with the graceful simplicity of conservative clothing designs. By not following the big-hair trend, her choice of wearing hats sparked life into the fading millinery industry. She wore suits, but left out the glitzy accessories, opting to maintain a sophisticated, low-heeled style. She opted for clothing designed by her good friend, Gianni Versace, and others, including Chanel.
Over-the-Top and Inside-Out Looks
Madonna, on the other hand thrived on the shock factor and attention-getting styles she wore when she first made her mark on the world in the early 1980s. Trademark pointy bras and fluffy hair in attempted restraint by a cloth headscarf influenced nightclub wear throughout the decade. There were also patterned stockings and clunky lace-up shoes with flirty skirts, as worn by Cyndi Lauper, who also lit up music videos with her multicoloured asymmetrical hair and accessories.
Olivia Newton John and Jane Fonda both called attention to the benefits of exercise in the 1980s. Unlike Madonna's headscarf, Olivia introduced the stretchy sweatband to the world of exercise fashion. Fashionable workout clothes made of spandex clung to every curve on a woman's body. The only areas left to the imagination were the ankles, which were covered by thick knitted leg-warmers that had become all the rage. Jane Fonda's workout wear included wide belts over the spandex. This trend carried over into daily wear.
Comfortable clothing and unisex styling were acceptable for at-home wear during the 1980s. Sweatshirts, T-shirts, jeans and sneakers were popular weekend choices. For cooler weather, worn leather jackets were fashionable.
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- University of Delaware: Fashion Trends and Cultural Influences; 1960-present; Belinda T. Orzada; 1998
- Lonestar College -- Kingwood Library: Lone Star College -- Kingwood; American Cultural History; 1980 -- 1989; Peggy Whitley; 09/08
- Fashion Era: Princess Diana 1980-90's Fashion Icon; Pauline Weston Thomas
- The Great 80s: 80s Fashion; Clothes Worn in the 80s
- Made Man: 5 '80s Punk Fashion Essentials
- Iowa State University: Family Apparel; Sketches of the Past; Iowa Clothes; 1846 to 1996; Cassandra Moon; July 1997