Christopher Columbus Facts for Kids

Updated July 20, 2017

Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who is credited with discovering America in 1492. Because of his discovery, many places in the United States are called Columbus, and Columbus Day in October is a national holiday.

His Birth

Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in Genoa, Italy. Genoa is a port city on the northwest coast of Italy.


There were five children in his family. He had three younger brothers and a sister. His brothers were Bartholomew, Giovanni and Giacomo. His sister's name was Bianchinetta.

Early Years

Before he became an explorer, he became a sailor at a young age. Some sources say he was 14 years old at the time; others say he was 15. Either way, it was apparent he loved the sea.


When Christopher Columbus came back from America, it was the year 1493. He brought things with him from the places he had travelled. He brought pearls, parrots and some native Indians.

Other Voyages

After his trip to the Americas, Christopher Columbus made several other voyages. He sailed to such places as Honduras, Panama, Venezuela and back to America to the coast of Florida.

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About the Author

Christine M. Irvin is the author of 11 children's books, nine by major publishing houses. She has been freelance writing for 15 years and has had numerous stories and articles published, for both children and adults, in publications like "Highlights for Children" and "Challenge" magazines.