Kinds of Personal Hygiene

Updated April 17, 2017

Maintenance of personal hygiene is an important aspect of functioning and succeeding in the social and working world of modern culture. Taking care of one's body is a physical sign to employers, friends, acquaintances and partners that an individual takes pride in and cares for both his physical and mental health. Personal hygiene is comprised of several basic types of bodily maintenance, including but not limited to oral, skin, nail and hair hygiene.

Oral Hygiene

Oral hygiene includes everything involved in maintaining the mouth's health and cleanliness. Signs of poor mouth and dental health and upkeep include yellow teeth, inflamed or bleeding gums and plaque build-up. Halitosis (bad breath) is also a common symptom of lack of good hygiene, although infection and disease may be a culprit in this issue. The best way to guarantee ultimate health and freshness for the mouth is to have regular dental cleaning appointments in addition to following the rules of daily tooth/mouth care. This includes tooth brushing two to three times a day, flossing and use of mouthwash. Sugar-free gum is a great quick cure for bad breath but should never be used as a substitute for cleaning the teeth.

Skin Hygiene

Skin odour is often one of the most noticeable signs of poor hygiene. Skin odour is caused by anything from natural body oils and odours, such as sweat, to accumulated odours of daily life, such as perfumes, colognes and outdoor elements including dirt, oils and other types of grime. To prevent skin odours, take daily baths or showers and use an antibacterial, anti-odour body wash. Use a moisturising, lightly scented body lotion to promote skin health and smell. Always apply antiperspirant deodorant to prevent underarm odour.

Hair Hygiene

Proper hair hygiene is maintained by regular washing and conditioning of the hair. Greasy hair is caused by a build-up of your scalp's natural oils, as well as any product build-up that might have accumulated. Use a high-quality shampoo based on your hair type. If your hair is naturally oily (e.g., it looks greasy after a day without washing), use a shampoo that assists in controlling and minimising the appearance of oil. Avoid conditioning more than once a day; conditioner weighs down the hair and sometimes gives it a greasy appearance even when the hair is clean. If you are prone to dry skin and dandruff, use an anti-flaking shampoo to avoid embarrassing skin flakes, itching and scalp redness.

Nail Hygiene

Proper nail care is important to ensure the safety of food preparation, as well as the elimination of bacteria. Hands touch countless objects every day, each of which is covered with germs that range from harmless germs that don't affect the human body to deadly strains of bacteria, such as E. coli and Salmonella. In addition to regular handwashing, keep nails clean and dirt-free at all times. Use a small nail brush to scrape away dirt from under the nails while showering or washing the hands. Keep your nails neatly trimmed, and always wash your hands before preparing or touching food.

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About the Author

Catherine Fiorentino began work as a professional freelance writer in 2006. Since then she has written for several online content websites, private clients and blogs. Fiorentino has an Associate of Arts in journalism and mass communication from Kent State University.