Crafting items out of leather or repairing leather can be a rewarding activity or potential business. Larger leather items--like coats--are usually sewn by machine, but smaller items are often sewn by hand. Tools for sewing and working leather include knives, thread, needles and beeswax.
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A leather-sewing needle is larger than a regular sewing needle. It is thick and has a three-sided chiselled head with a sharp point. Use a well-padded thimble to sew with this needle. Size "0" or "00" needles are good for general leather work. Size "000" is the largest," and can also be useful, depending on the project.
Beeswax or paraffin helps the thread get through the leather. It is applied to both ends of the thread and helps get the thread through the eye of the needle.
A leather awl is necessary to make holes in your leather before you put your needle and thread through it. A classic saddlers awl, according to Back Room Leather, "has an elongated diamond shape."
Use a nonmetal hammer or mallet to punch the awl through the leather.
Rubber Board or Stone
Many leatherworkers use a "Silent Poundo" rubber board behind the leather when punching holes. Other leather workers use a stone slab made of granite as a backing for punching holes.
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