Adding salt or sugar to a glass of water creates a solution; the salt and sugar particles dissolve in the water. When added to the water, the salt and sugar particles break down into smaller pieces. These small particles then arrange themselves together with the water particles and form a liquid solution. Although they still exist, the salt and sugar particles can no longer be seen with the naked eye. Dissolving sugar and salt in water is a relatively simple process and occurs rather quickly.
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Things you need
- Beaker, glass or bowl
- Water, room temperature or warmer
Fill a beaker, glass or small bowl 3/4 full with water. The temperature of the water determines how quickly the salt and sugar dissolves; particles dissolve more quickly in warm temperatures. For best results, use room-temperature or slightly warmer water.
Pour the salt and sugar into the water with a spoon. Dip the spoon into the water and stir the solution two or three times, allowing the salt and sugar particles to mix with the water. Remove the spoon.
Allow the glass of water to sit undisturbed for several minutes. If you are using a clear container, you should be able to see the salt and sugar particles dissolving. If a significant amount of sugar and/or salt was used, the water will likely turn cloudy.
Stir the solution again once you see salt and sugar settling on the bottom of the container. You may need to remove the spoon and wait for the solution to settle to determine whether solutes are still present. If so, continue stirring gently. Continue stirring until all salt and sugar particles have dissolved. There should be no solutes left on the bottom of the container and the water will likely be cloudy.
Add additional water if solutes continue to fall to the bottom of the container after several minutes of stirring. Again, use room-temperature or slightly warmer water. After adding water, continue stirring gently until all salt and sugar has dissolved.
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