According to the Environmental Protection Agency, retreading tires saves at least 400 million gallons of oil in North America. Recycled tires can also be converted into floor tiles, floor mats, vehicle mud guards, patio blocks and surfaces for playgrounds and running tracks. The EPA offers assistance for entrepreneurs interested in starting their own tire recycling centres. Start-up costs are high; however, you may be eligible for grants.
Develop a business plan for your tire recycling centre that details your projected operations and local impact. Then contact your state EPA office or waste management department to learn what grants, if any, you may be eligible for. Get a list of tire suppliers and clients for your recycled tires from the agency. Additionally, learn the requirements for obtaining a tire recycling permit.
Procure an old plant within your collection radius. A 100-mile radius isn't an unreasonable distance for your recycling centre. To offset the cost of operating your expensive equipment, you'll need to process thousands of tires per day. Hire a licensed contractor to help you renovate your plant and submit new building plans, if required.
Get licensed and insured. Contact your zoning authority to obtain zoning approval. Apply for a business license with your county clerk and purchase commercial auto liability insurance, general liability and equipment insurance. Apply for your tire recycling permit with your state's EPA.
Purchase tire-processing equipment such as bead removers; tread cutters, splitters, peelers, compactors and collection trailers as well as a wheel crusher, tire shredders, mobile shredders (if you're offering on-site shredding), conveyor and trucks.
Hire employees to manage your tire-shredding equipment and to drive your trucks. Ensure that your drivers hold current commercial driving licenses.
Contact tire chains, department stores, auto dealers and service stations within your radius about collecting their tires. Partner with local cities, townships and counties to get first pick on tire cleanup and Tire Amnesty Day.
Learn the bidding process in your area for public agencies. When bidding for recycled tires, you will need to ensure that you have the state-recommended processing equipment, facilities and personnel.