When an adult or child chips a tooth it is always an unfortunate situation, but with today's dental procedures your dentist may be able to fix the tooth so that the chips are not noticeable. If your front teeth are chipped, you may need a smile make over to repair them in such a way that the tooth looks natural again. There are many different ways to repair chipped teeth including bonding, porcelain veneers, root canal and crowns.
Go to the dentist immediately, especially if the chip is large or you have any pain. Pain may be the result of an exposed root, which will need to be repaired as soon as possible. Failure to treat an exposed root may cause the root to die, which would necessitate a root canal.
Bring the chipped off portion of your tooth with you to the dentist if possible. Sometimes the dentist can re-bond your tooth back in place, which will allow for a perfect colour match. Do not allow the chipped off portion of the tooth to dry out. Place it in a cup of water until you get to the dentist.
Talk to your dentist about the best options for repairing your chipped tooth. If the chip is very small, your dentist may be able to contour your tooth with minimal smoothing and reshaping with dental tools. This is the most cost effective way to repair chipped teeth.
Have the tooth repaired by dental bonding. In this procedure your dentist can bond (glue) the broken off piece of tooth back on, or he will bond a tooth coloured composite resin to the tooth. The bonding material is cured or dried with a high-intensity light. The dentist uses dental tools to shape and smooth out the bonded part until it matches the tooth.
If the chipped portions of the teeth are large, have your dentist make porcelain veneers. Porcelain veneers cover the entire front of the tooth with a laboratory shaped piece of porcelain that matches your other teeth. Your dentist will bond or glue the veneer to the front of your tooth in the same way he does dental bonding.
In some cases where the dentist is not able to bond the tooth or create a natural looking veneer, have your dentist make a dental crown. A dental crown is a porcelain cap that fits snuggly over the entire broken tooth.
Make sure your dentist is skilled at colour matching your teeth so that the bonded part is not noticeable, especially since the teeth are in front.