What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?

Written by rob wagner
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What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?
(Kenworth, Amtrak, New York City)

The most recognisable commercial motor vehicle is typically a Class 7 or 8 big rig or tractor-trailer rig, commonly known as an 18-wheeler. This is used for hauling goods either locally or across the country, and requires a commercial driver's license to operate. Commercial vehicles fall into several other categories--including intracity delivery vans, coaches, buses, limousines and taxi cabs.

Identification

What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?
The cab-over-engine cab fell out of favour in the 1990s when regulations permitted longer trucks.

Class 7 or 8 commercial vehicles can be identified by their cab-over-engine design, in which the driver sits above the front axle and engine, or the more popular conventional cab models that feature a long hood and sleeper accommodations toward the rear of the cab.

Big Rigs

What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?
A Kenworth T800 long nose conventional cab big rig.

Trucks are classified in categories 1 through 8, with Classes 7 and 8 identified as commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of more than 11794kg.

Buses

What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?
Amtrak buses are commercial vehicles and drivers must possess a commercial driver's license.

Passenger buses such as Greyhound or Amtrak coaches equipped to carry a minimum of nine passengers for fares are classified as commercial vehicles.

Taxis

What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?
New York City cabs fall under the commercial vehicle category.

Taxi cabs are commercial vehicles, which are licensed by local municipalities and subject to local and state safety laws.

Small Business

What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?
Delivery trucks are considered commercial vehicles, but do not require licensing.

Plumbers' trucks, flower delivery vans, mobile auto repair trucks and similar vehicles are considered commercial vehicles but generally don't require a commercial driver's license.

Trailers

What Is Considered a Commercial Motor Vehicle?
Class 7 and 8 commercial vehilces undergo rigorous inspections.

Larger trailers or containers transported by big rigs fall under the commercial vehicle definition, but recreational or farm trailers do not.

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