If your puppy is struggling to defecate, if it has not had a bowel movement in more than a day or is crying and showing pain when defecating, chances are it is constipated. Constipation can be caused by a variety of factors including a sudden diet change, insufficient fibre and water intake, medication, eating indigestible items such as small plastic toys or lack of exercise. It is important to seek medical treatment from a veterinarian for severe cases of constipation.
Give the puppy plenty of water. Water intake, coupled with exercise, can promote regular bowel movements. Generally a puppy should drink 29.6ml of water for each pound of body weight. Increase this amount on hot days.
Massage your puppy's tummy to stimulate a bowel movement. Lay your puppy on its side, take a warm, moist washcloth and apply gentle pressure to its stomach while stroking in a downward direction toward its anus.
Add fibre to your puppy's diet. Canned pumpkin (not the pie filling) and green beans are loaded with fibre. Mix 1 to 2 teaspoons of canned pumpkin or green beans with your puppy's food until its bowel movements are regular again.
Give the puppy a small bowl of milk. This may cause the stool to be runny initially, but it will solve the constipation problem.
If constipation symptoms don't subside with in 48 hours of using home remedies, take your puppy to see the vet.