Different Types of Weaving Looms

Written by miranda hollomon
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Different Types of Weaving Looms
Weaving looms come in many styles and sizes. (woven igorot cloth image by Antonio Oquias from Fotolia.com)

Weaving looms have been used for centuries as a way to make fabrics, rugs and more. Looms differ in use, but they all have serve the same purpose of allowing materials to be made from thread. A weaving loom holds twisted threads tight so the user can weave the threads closely between. A skilled weaver can make patterns in the materials and may also make a higher quality product than a less experienced weaver.

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Hand Looms

Hand looms were the first weaving looms used, dating back to nearly 2000 years ago, states fibre2fashion.com. Some of the first hand looms were hung from tree branches and held down by small weights, allowing the weaver to manipulate the strings to make the materials. A hand loom refers to a loom powered by hand as opposed to an electrical or foot-powered loom.

Ground Looms

Ground looms allow the threads to be held by several dowels, however the weaver would need to bend over as the looms were built to lay on the ground. According to fibre2fashion.com, some ground looms were built over ditches in the ground to make it easier on the women making the textiles. They were able to sit down with their legs underneath and allow them to be level with the loom.

Back Strap Looms

Back strap looms are attached to the body around the weaver's waist and then attached also to a door, post or some other stable object. In order to tight the threads, the weaver needs only bend or step backward. Back strap looms are known for their portability and versatility.

Frame Looms

Frame looms were built much like a box to allow the weaver to work through the threads while sitting down. The frame loom is similar to the ground loom in that it allows the weaver to be level with the workspace. People still use this type of loom today because of its portability and economy.

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