Although quiche is often considered a French delicacy, it originated in Germany from the medieval kingdom of Lothringen. When French travellers brought the kuchen, German for cake, back to their country, they renamed it quiche and started adding new ingredient combinations to the mix. There are now too many varieties of the dish to name individually, and many popular flavours are labelled by their filling, such as cheddar broccoli quiche or crab asparagus quiche.
The name quiche Lorraine comes from the French version of kuchen Lothringen. This original German version of quiche contained eggs, bacon and custard. While the French eventually added cheese to the mixture, the name stayed the same, and today quiche Lorraine may or may not contain cheese. This is arguably the most popular of all quiche flavours.
Alsacienne quiche is the same as quiche Lorraine, except it has onions added to the mix. This flavour is so named because it was created in Alsace, France, which is known for its Germanic-inspired cuisine.
Quiche Florentine is so named because it was inspired by the cuisine of Florence, Italy, where food often incorporates spinach. Generally this quiche flavour includes little more than cheese, spinach and onions.
Quiche Provençal is similar to the Florentine variety in that it is named for the region associated with this type of food. This quiche incorporates zucchini, tomatoes and basil, which are all traditional Provençal flavours.
Other Flavor Combinations
These days, just about anything can be included in a quiche. Some common ingredients include tomatoes, bacon, ham, onion, goat cheese, zucchini, spinach, shellfish, salmon, broccoli, peas, mushrooms, eggplant, prosciutto, Brie, Parmesan, Roquefort, chorizo, Monterey jack, peppers and asparagus.
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