Third Grade Activities on Compound Subjects & Predicates

Written by martha mendenhall
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Third Grade Activities on Compound Subjects & Predicates
Practice and repetition help students learn about grammar topics like compound subjects and predicates. (Jupiterimages/ Images)

Grammar lessons often involve connecting rather complicated sounding terms to the situations found in sentences that students read and use every day. Especially in the early grades (up through third grade), students should encounter these terms frequently and through engaging activities so that the connections between terms like "compound subject" and "compound predicate" find their way naturally into their lexicon.

Indentify Compound Subject or Predicate

Offer a list of sentences with either a compound subject or compound predicate and have students underline the compound usage. In this exercise, it's best to offer only a compound subject or compound predicate so that students don't feel overwhelmed. Understanding the connection between "subject" and the noun that is the "doer" of the sentence and "predicate" and the verb that provides the "doing" of the subject can be a skill that requires practice. This exercise combines understanding what a subject or predicate is and learning to identify the plurality of a compound.

Identify Compounds Scavenger Hunt

Divide your students into groups of five and direct them to look for clue cards hidden around the room (or outside if weather permits). Each card should provide a sentence with either a compound subject or compound predicate. For extra credit or a final clue, you could include sentences with a compound subject and a compound predicate. For a group to win points for each card and receive the clue to move on to the next card, it should be required to identify the compound given on each card in a sentence.

Compound Subject/Predicate Circle Story

Give your students a chance to practice their composition skills by having them tell a story in a circle. Tell the students that as a whole group they'll be telling a story. As the story goes around the circle, each student will contribute a sentence that involves either the use of a compound subject or compound predicate. Tell them to remember that they are telling a story as a group, so each sentence that they contribute should add to the story and not begin an entirely new story. The teacher should begin the story and send it to the person to her right. Begin the story in a fashion similar to the following: "Once upon a time, a king and a queen met and married on a beautiful spring day."

Sentence Scrabble

Sentence Scrabble comes from the Education website and involves preparing in advance some separate cards that have printed on them parts of sentences. Some of these cards should have nouns for use as subjects and some should have verbs for use as predicates. Cards should also be available that have common conjunctions like "and" and "or" on them for creating the compounds. The game is played through drawing a number of the cards and creating sentences with the cards each student draws. You can expand the difficulty of the game by having them follow the "crossword puzzle" design of traditional Scrabble, which requires them to connect their sentences to the sentences made by previous players.

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