Boxing is a fine way for children to learn self-defence and increase their physical stamina. It can also help fine-tune coordination and balance, helping kids later in life, whether or not they decide to pursue boxing as a professional sport. Specific rules are in force for children who box, to protect them and help them get the most out of their boxing classes.
Safety and Equipment
Children, especially beginners, should never practice boxing at home without professional supervision, and should not practice informally with friends. Instead, they must wear proper equipment and be in a gym whenever they box. During matches, children should have protective headgear, boxing gloves, hand wraps (which are worn under the gloves to protect the bones in the hand) and a mouthpiece to protect the teeth from blows.
Bouts for those ages 8 to 12 are three rounds long. Each round is one minute long, with a one-minute rest break in between. Children ages 12 to 14 compete for three 90-second rounds with one-minute breaks. After age 15, the bouts extend to three two-minute rounds with a one-minute break between rounds.
Children's boxing matches are scored by the number of jabs each player is able to get in before the end of the round. If a boxer knocks his opponent down, it is declared a "win by knockout." A boxer is not allowed to trip, kick, hit below the waist, hit his opponent with his foot or knee, hit his opponent's back, obstruct the other boxer's vision, spit out his mouthpiece intentionally or fall on purpose. All of these fouls add two points to the opponent's score.
Boxing Other Children
Kids are allowed to compete in adult boxing competitions at age 17, though those ages 17 and 18 are considered Youth Boxers and those 15 and 16 are considered Junior Boxers. Those under 14 can also compete with one another, although children must be no younger than 8 in local and regional tournaments that have weight classes. Under the rules of the International Boxing Association, children must be within two years of their opponent's age to compete.
Boxers are weighed before competitions and placed into weight categories to ensure a fair fight. According to the International Boxing Association, Junior boxers are divided into 13 weight categories: 46kg (46kg.), 48kg (480kg.), 50kg (49.9kg.), 52kg (520kg.), 57kg (570kg.), 60kg (602kg.), 63kg (630kg.), 66kg (660kg.), 70kg (700kg.), 75kg (750kg.), 80kg (800kg.) and above 85kg (850kg.).
Female Youth Boxers are divided into 10 weight categories: 45 to 48kg (44.9kg. to 480kg.), 51kg (510kg.), 54kg (54kg.), 57kg (570kg.), 60kg (601kg.), 64kg (64kg.), 69kg (68.9kg.), 75kg (750kg.), 81kg (810kg.) and above 81kg (810kg.).
Male Youth Boxers are divided into 10 weight categories: 46 to 49kg (101.4 to 108lbs.), 52kg (520kg.), 56kg (560kg.), 60kg (600kg.), 64kg (64kg.), 69kg (68.9kg.), 75kg (750kg.), 81kg (810kg.), 91kg (910kg.) and above 91kg (910kg.).