If you live in California or Alaska, earthquakes are common but usually not something to worry about. However, if a megaquake occurs, as in Japan in 2011, being prepared and informed are keys to survival. Falling debris and downed telephone poles can seriously injure or kill you. But stay calm instead of panicking, and use the following tips that can help you survive.
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Things you need
- First-aid kit
- Bottled water
- Nonperishable food
Prepare an emergency kit. Include 1 gallon of water per person per day, canned or prepacked food that requires no cooking, prescription medications if you take any, a first-aid kit, flashlights with extra batteries and bulbs and a small amount of cash, according to the Embassy of the United States in Japan.
Create an emergency plan for your family, including escape routes and a meeting place in case you are separated.
Arrange your home so heavy objects aren't hanging on the walls. Keep flammable items away from your furnace, hot water heater and stove.
Hide under a strong desk or table if you are indoors during an earthquake, according to the Toyko Metropolitan Government. Do not go outside. Move away from windows and heavy hanging objects, and cover your head with your hands or a pillow.
Pull your car over if you are driving when a quake starts. Do not park under a bridge, near trees or electric lines. Remain in your car. Get to an open area if you are outside. Move away from anything that can fall on you, such as traffic lights, trees and electrical lines.
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