Floral arrangements became a part of worldwide culture during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and remain a commonplace decoration in many households. The flowers used range from wildflowers from the field to tropical flowers from rain forests. And the containers that hold the arrangements tend to be anything from mason jars to elaborate marble vases. Below are the steps to make a basket flower arrangement.
Prepare the basket
Line the inside of the basket with plastic, such as pond liner, to keep water from leaking out. Cut the plastic to fit the inside of the basket tightly and attach it to the basket with waterproof tape or hot glue.
Crop the piece of floral foam (the type that can hold water) with a serrated or florist knife to fit snugly in the basket, with 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inches) of foam above the rim of the basket. Cut a small wedge out of the back of the foam for adding water.
Fill a sink with fresh water and add floral preservative (follow the preservative instructions to determine the correct amount to add to the water). Stir the water well to make sure the preservative dissolves.
Place the foam in the water so that it floats. Allow the foam to float until it is saturated. Once saturated there should still be enough water in the sink to keep the foam floating.
Secure the foam to the plastic in the basket with waterproof tape.
Prepare the flowers
Clip the bottom of the stems to allow them to hydrate properly. Hold the stem under running cold water and cut it at an angle with sharp scissors.
Pull off any leaves that will otherwise be inside the foam when you determine the flower's position.
Cut a piece of floral or stem wire for each flower that is equal to the length of the flower's stem. Stick one end of the wire in the base of the bloom and run the wire down the stem.
Secure the wire to the stem of the flower with stem tape. Wrap the tape at a slight angle and run if from just under the bloom to the bottom of the stem.
Arrange the flowers
Decide what type of floral arrangement you would like to create, such as horizontal, triangular, oval or freestanding (see Resources). The remaining steps give instructions for an oval arrangement.
Place large blooms at the center of the basket and radiate out from center with smaller blooms.
Turn the basket as you place flowers to obtain the best results. An oval arrangement looks good from all sides, which makes a great centerpiece.
Fill in the gaps with small flowers, such as baby's breath, and foliage to make the floral arrangement look fuller and complete.
Consider adding a ribbon to the basket handle or around the rim of the basket for additional beauty. The ribbon color should match one of the flowers in your arrangement.
Use pan melt glue instead of a hot glue gun and glue sticks if you prefer. It is better to stick with a symmetrical flower arrangement if you are a beginner. As your floral arranging skills develop, experiment with asymmetrical designs.