Survivors of stroke require aftercare in the home consisting of physical rehabilitation exercises, speech therapy, stroke prevention and psychosocial support.
Rehabilitation refers to the process of restoring normal function. In the case of stroke survivors, there is the need to progress toward rebuilding daily life skills through exercises and training. The nature of the home program will depend on the severity of the stroke and the extent of functional loss.
Physiotherapy and occupational therapy must be integrated into the patient’s home life so as to restore such daily functions as walking, eating independently, and bathing. Weights, cardiovascular training, and stretches targeting specific limitations are to be practised in the home environment.
Speech and Communication
Stroke victims often experience difficulties with speech, and speech therapy is an integral aspect of home aftercare. Practicing tongue movements and sound formation at home and interacting with family is part of the speech rehabilitation process.
Preventing another stroke is also considered to be an important aspect of home aftercare. Taking medications as needed, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake are some examples of health maintenance protocols.
The emotional and psychological impact of a stroke must not be underestimated. Recent research indicates that effective models for home aftercare integrate a holistic approach which focuses on the entire individual, not just his physical rehabilitation
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