Life in the country, without horns honking, industrial pollution and the busy nightlife of cities, is considered by some people as the greatest way to live. However, living in a rural environment does have drawbacks. Dirt and gravel replace smooth, paved roads, and houses are normally divided by acres of land. Self-sufficiency is necessary for survival and the isolation can be a problem for some people.
Education and Job Opportunities
Rural neighbourhoods lack educational opportunities. Living in the country with fewer people in the community means there will be fewer students to receive schooling. In some country communities, all the students attend the same school from kindergarten through senior high school. Post-secondary students often have to drive for miles or move out of the community to gain a college education. Once a student receives an education, his job opportunities back in the country are limited. Basic services, such as food, maintenance, utility providers and retail, will not require advanced education, and the pay range will not be competitive to the jobs provided in cities. Management positions are limited. If he becomes self-employed, service opportunities are scarce and he should expect to receive less for his services than if he were living in a city.
Health care for people living in the country is less available than in larger cities. There are fewer doctors, hospitals and clinics because the population is smaller. Medical centres in country communities typically lack speciality care, such as cancer or HIV/AIDS treatment facilities. The distance between homes and the closest town is also an issue. More than likely, someone will live several miles away from a town, requiring commuting several miles to reach the nearest health-care facility. Rural communities may have an ambulance service, but typically only one vehicle. For serious conditions, travelling to a larger community for emergency care can take too long to be of any benefit.
Isolation and Interdependence
Communities in the country are more widespread. People live miles away from each other. Telephone and Internet service may not be provided or can take weeks to repair when out of service. Some neighbours may not come into contact with one another or may not visit the closest town for weeks. This means seeing fewer people on a regular basis, which can lead to social isolation. On the other hand, fewer people living within a community means everyone knows every single person living in the area. For a newcomer to the country area, he might find it difficult to get adjusted in the interdependent community. Outsiders are often viewed based on differences and considered threatening to the security of the country community.