Flowers bloom in all shapes, colours and sizes. Some flowers even appear upside-down as they hang from the stem, facing the ground. These flowers are called pendant flowers and, even among the diversity of the flower world, are unusual. Pendant flowers are often pollinated by hummingbirds, according to the University of California Los Angeles, as their long beaks reach into the flower from below.
Fuchsia, also known as ladies eardrops, is a model plant for hanging baskets. Not only do the colourful flowers hang from the stems, but the stems drape over the sides of the container as well, according to Clemson University. The flowers are typically bright and can be solid or bicolor in shades of white, pink, red, fuchsia and purple. The red-coloured fuchsia flowers are more heat-tolerant than other shades and are popular with hummingbirds. These flowers bloom throughout the spring and into fall in mild climates. Fuchsia plants are not frost-tolerant. Fuchsia can also be grown as a houseplant or brought indoors in the winter in colder areas.
The long, arching stems of bleeding heart (Dicentra spectabilis) hold dozens of dangling, heart-shaped flowers. The foliage is airy and green, providing a striking backdrop to the pink and white flowers. Bleeding heart grows to 3 feet tall and prefers partial to full shade. This herbaceous perennial grows in well-drained, moist soils high in organic matter, according to the Universality of Illinois Extension. Bleeding heart flowers bloom in early summer in USDA Hardiness Zone 2 through Zone 9. This perennial adds old-fashioned charm to your shade garden.
Lily of the Valley
One of the first flowers to bloom in the spring, lily of the valley bears stalks of creamy-white flowers that hang from delicate green stems. Lily of the valley spreads rapidly by thick roots called rhizomes and will carpet your garden with its sword-like leaves. Growing only to 12 inches high, lily of the valley prefers well-drained but moist soil. The flowers of lily of the valley are slightly fragrant and make excellent cut flowers for bouquets. Lily of the valley grows in USDA Hardiness Zone 2 through Zone 7 and is deer-resistant, according to Cornell University.
Several varieties of lily have pendant, or hanging, flowers. Asiatic hybrids such as Seafarer and Seabreezes have large trumpet-shaped flowers that face the ground, but the petals are recurved, or curl up toward the sky. These flowers bloom in almost every colour of the rainbow, are often fragrant and bloom in the summer. Lilies grow 3 feet to 5 feet tall in partial or full sun. A single stalk bears multiple large, colourful flowers. Lilies grow from bulbs, and the leaves turn yellow and die after the flowers bloom. Don't cut the foliage until it's brown, as the leaves feed the bulb for next year's bloom.