Warping looms operate within a fixed shed as you weave yarn strands from the bottom on up. You roll your woven fabric around the top beam as you go along. Although this type of weaving process goes much easier if you have a second pair of hands, it is possible with the right tools to be able to do it yourself.
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Vertical Warping Mill
This warping mill can make chained warps of various colours and threads. These come equipped with adjustable pegs so you can make different lengths of warp. You can also find warping mills that can be folded for easy storage.
You can warp with these boards on a table or you can choose to hang them on a wall. These can also be broken down for easy storage by removing the pegs.
Sectional Warp Beam
You use this device to directly warp from the thread spools onto the loom. This is a convenient tool is you are warping by yourself and do not have an extra pair of hands.
You will need a rigid heddle for warping. This is a closed comb tool that keeps the warp threads on the loom as you work. Make sure that your ridge heddle is four inches wide when you start your warping project.
These specialised pegs can be secured to a table with a clamp for warping. The length of the warp will depend on the size of the table it is clamped onto.
If you are warping four to 20 threads at a time on to your warping board or mill, you can use this paddle to slide the yarn up and down where you need it.
You can use a tension box with the sectional warp beam to adjust tension of all warps at once that are coming from the spool onto the loom. You can mount a counter on the tension box to make sure the length of all your warps are uniform and come out the same size. You can also buy tension box combs that keep the yarn separate as they come in and leave the loom. There are various sizes of these combs, depending on your yarn size.
You will want to use a divider every five to 10 yards if you are working on long warps. This will help you keep the proper tension and uniform design.
These are placed on the dividers between sections to keep each section where it needs to be. Once a section is completed, you just move the beam guide to the next section.
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