The most efficient finger placement on a keyboard involves using the "touch typing" method -- the kind of typing they once taught in school on typewriters. Using this finger placement method means you will not have to look at the keyboard while you are typing. With a bit of practice, your fingers will automatically find and press the correct key. Keeping the proper wrist and hand positions is also important to reduce the chance of injury when typing for prolonged periods of time.
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Wrists and Hands
Before placing your fingers on the keyboard, relax your hands and allow your fingers to curve. The curve of your fingers should be about the same as if you were holding a softball. Keep your wrists relaxed but straight. Your fingers should be extended in a straight line, without the wrists bent up, down or to the side. While typing, do not rest your wrists on the keyboard, or wrist rest. Wrist rests should only be used when you pause typing.
Finger Placement Before Typing
The left index finger goes on the "F" key. The right index finger goes on the "J" key. Touch the keys lightly. On most keyboards you will feel a bump on both these keys. This is to help ensure your fingers are in the proper position. Once the index fingers are placed correctly, the other fingers will fall naturally onto the correct keys. The middle fingers go on the "D" and "K" keys. The ring fingers go on the "S" and "L" keys. The pinky fingers go on the "A" and ":" keys. Place both thumbs lightly on the space bar.
While typing, press a key with the finger that is closest to it. Use your left index finger to type V, B, F, G, R, T, 4 and 5. Use your right index finger to type N, M, H, J, Y, U, 6 and 7. Use the middle finger of the left hand to type C, D, E and 3. Use the right middle finger to type the comma, K, I and 8. Use the ring finger of the left hand to type X, S, W and 2. Use the right ring finger to type a period, L, O and 9. Use the pinky fingers to type any keys on the left or right sides of the keyboard including the Shift keys, Enter button, tab, etc.
Even if the touch typing technique is new to you, and you don't have the time or means to take typing lessons, you can still practice the technique whenever you sit in front of a keyboard. Before typing, even if you use the two-finger hunt and peck method, place your fingers in the correct position. Practice common words and build your typing vocabulary. Begin by practicing words like "the," "and," your name and other words you type most often. Typing this way will soon feel more natural than typing with two fingers.
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