When you are outside on a hike, you accept that there's a chance you could run into a swarm of insects. You don't have to accept the same possibility when walking through your house. If dozens of small flying bugs are in your home, you can get rid of them with a little effort.
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The first step in getting rid of the small bugs is figuring out what they are. The most common invaders are either fruit flies or fungus gnats. To determine which kind are in your home, look first in your kitchen. If they are swarming around the garbage can or a bowl of fruit, they are fruit flies. If you see the tiny bugs around your bathroom sink or near your houseplants, then you have a problem with fungus gnats.
Fruit flies can enter your home through open window and doors. They can also hitch a ride on infected produce. Fungus gnats can also enter your home through windows but they more commonly are hidden in the soil of infested houseplants. The larvae live in the soil and you might not know they are there until they mature into flying adults and take wing. The adults then lay eggs in the soil of the original houseplant and any other suitable plants they can find, beginning the cycle all over again.
The easiest way to get rid of fruit flies is to dispose of any fruit in your home that has got old and soft. Toss it into an outdoor garbage container. You can kill both fungus gnats and fruit flies by using commercial insecticides designed for flying insects. However, this only takes care of adult gnats; a new generation of larvae will soon mature and you'll have more flying around your home in a few weeks. To get rid of them completely, use a soil drench on the infected plant. It kills larvae but won't hurt your plants.
To prevent dozens of tiny bugs from invading your home again, take precautions to keep them out. Remove old fruit from your kitchen. If you have fruit trees in your yard, dispose of any fallen fruit on the ground instead of just leaving it. When purchasing a new houseplant, inspect it carefully before bringing it into your home. If possible, leave it in the garage or a screened-in porch for a day with a slice of potato stuck half way into the soil. If there are fungus gnats in the plant, you'll find the larvae feeding on the potato slice at the end of the day.
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