Dry wines have no noticeable taste of sweetness, meaning they have a very low sugar content, usually less than half a per cent, reports Hungry Monster. Dry wines are also called table wines because they are traditionally drank with a meal instead of with a dessert, which sweet wines usually accompany. Because there is rarely an indication on a wine bottle of sugar content, it is best to learn which are the driest types of wine to look out for by name.
Dry White Wine
Dry white wines should be served chilled and are well-matched with white meats and fish. Some of the driest white wines containing no residual sugar include chardonnay and Chenin Blanc from France, pinot grigio and pinot blanc from Italy and alborino from Spain. Sauvignon blanc is also another popular dry white wine, which is grown in places like South Africa, France, Austria and California.
Dry Rose Wine
Dry rose wine is a popular drink served chilled in summer. The best dry rose wines come from France, according to Wine for Beginners. Dry rose grapes include grenache, pinot noir, mouvedre, cabernet franc and gamay, all of which have a hint of berries to the taste which give them a fresh and fruity flavour with a hint of acidity.
Dry Red Wine
Red wine is generally low in sugar by nature. Its dryness is determined by the influence of tannins in the wine, which are naturally occurring compounds in red wine that give it a dry taste. Therefore, it is best to describe a red wine as tannic to reflect its dryness rather than calling it dry, recommends Wine Tasting Guide. Cabernet sauvignon and merlot are two of the driest tannic wines, as well as the shiraz and grenache variety, says Divine Dinner Party.
Dry Sparkling Wine
Sparkling wine is either of the white or rose variety. Carbon dioxide is created during the fermentation process (or artificially added to the wine) to create the bubbles of air in the wine when the bottle is opened. Sparkling wines are classified in terms of their dryness, with brut nature being the driest and doux being the sweetest, according to Wine 4 Beginners. A dry sparkling wine should have a residual sugar content of less than 1 1/2 half per cent, which would make it a brut (dry) bottle and for the driest type, brut nature, the wine should contain less than half a per cent of residual sugars. The driest sparkling wines are champagne from France, cava from Spain and prosecco from Italy.