Bread is an ancient food. Many food historians cite its beginnings as far back as 4,000 B.C., originating from Mesopotamia. Once it was discovered that ground wheat, mixed with water and heat, could produce flat breads, the tradition was started. The concept of bread loaves is said to have been discovered by accident with the combination of yeast and high temperatures.
The recipe for nan calls for a combination of wheat and bread flours, salt, water, honey or sugar, yoghurt, milk and butter. The dough is left for some time in a heated area to grow in volume before being cooked. From the huge dough ball, smaller portions are pulled out and spread or rolled out before being put on the heat. It is a sensitive combination and can easily be too crunchy or too leathery. To have different flavours, you can add onion or garlic to the flattened dough.
Nan in Detail
Nan comes from the Persian "non" which is the word for bread. It is considered a bread because it is made of the same ingredients, but the method of preparation is very different. Nan is specially made in clay ovens to give it its unique consistency and taste. Most other breads can adapt to being made in conventional ovens, but nan has to be prepared in a clay oven.
Pita Bread Recipe
Pitas are much simpler to make than nan. To make a pita you only need flour, salt, oil, water, sugar and yeast. Pita bread features a plain flavour so there are no additional ingredients. Pitas are often used it as a sandwich wrap. Replace a bun with half a pita and you have a convenient, healthy sandwich. The pita can be cut in half and then separated in the centre the way hot dog rolls or bagels are.
Pita Bread in Detail
Pita bread origins go back to Egypt where it was discovered that flour, which was ground wheat, could mix with water and be heated at high temperatures. Pita is used commonly in Middle Eastern and Greek cuisine. It can be eaten alongside the main course, or can be used as a bread roll and filled with vegetables, meats and dressings.