The wire-haired dachshund is one of three different varieties of the lengthy hounds, the other two being short-haired and longhair. Though essentially the same breed as the other two styles, wire-haired dachshunds have particular needs and techniques to maintain their broken coats. Some methods, like clipping, do not serve this breed well.
The bristly, thick and coarse coat of the wire-haired Dachshund can be stripped to remove dead hair. Dachshunds that will be shown in professional dog shows are stripped 2 to 3 times a year. Dogs that have particularly tough hair, known as a "pin-wire" coat, may never need stripping. The dog's hair is grasped between the groomer's thumb and a special knife, with a small yet serrated blade, and twisted upward. This removes the dead hair, while subtly shortening the live follicles.
Hand plucking achieves the same result as stripping, but it takes more effort. Several hours are needed to complete the process, compared with the 90 minutes required with a stripping knife. However, experts understand that a wire-haired Dachshund coat plucked by hand produces a better-looking hound; the coat's sheen is brought out more and the body lines appear tighter and cleaner. The groomer pinches a tiny bit of long, dead hair between the thumb and forefinger and pulls. This is repeated over the dog's body. This type of grooming is best performed over several days, with regular breaks.
Trimming or clipping a wire-haired Dachshund is not recommended. This breed's hair follicles are complex; each one has a guard hair that becomes the outer coat and several softer hairs that comprise the undercoat. Trimming gets rid of most, but not all, of the dead undercoat hairs, which results in a less attractive overall coat, with duller colour. The one advantage to this grooming style is its quickness; only 20 minutes are needed to complete clipping. Owners who prefer to trim should use a No. 10 blade on the head and neck, and a No. 9 or No. 7 blade on the body.
Bathing and Brushing
In order to safeguard natural oils, which help the coat, bathing should be done once a month at the maximum. A quick wash when the dog is dirty is all that's needed. Sheen can also be brought to the wiry coat by brushing it with a hard bristle brush several times a week. This breed's eyebrows and beard need to be combed regularly in order to prevent matting. In addition, you can use thinning shears to trim the longer areas to a manageable length. Trimming the Dachshund's nails to a comfortable length is also recommended.
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