A child's self-esteem is based on several factors, including his body image, the standards set by peers and parents and any negative experiences. An effective tool to build a child's self-esteem is a game. The child will feel a sense of fulfilment without even realising that this fun time was intended to bolster her personal image.
Teach a child of any age about science and bolster his self-esteem by gathering leaves and placing them into a book. Head out with the child in fall, when the leaves are hitting the ground, with a plastic bag and book identifying different trees and their leaves. Inform the child to search for different types of leaves, identify them and place them into the corresponding page in the leaf book. This game will give the child simple, short-term goals that can be reached on a daily basis. The child will then keep possession of the book and have the ability to look at it and remember his success for several years to come.
This is a simple game that is best used with preschool to third grade. Place all the necessary pieces of clothing for the child to get dressed in a pile on the floor. Make sure that the clothing is simple to slip on and avoid anything that the child is having issues with, such as shirts with small buttons or shoes that must be tied. Give the child two minutes to dress herself in a particular order, such as from the head down. Praise the child for successfully putting on clothing. This will also give you the opportunity to help smaller children learn to button buttons and zip zippers -- activities that will bolster the child's self-esteem once she successfully performs the task.
Hand your child a piece of paper and a pencil and instruct him to write down five things that the child is good at or any positive personal traits. Remind the child of any sports or activities, such as art or school subjects, she excels at. This is also a great opportunity to inform the child about his positive personality traits, such as kindness, sensitivity and patience. Place the piece of paper onto the wall or refrigerator, and each time the child is feeling down, remind him of the list of his positive qualities.
Use simple tasks around the house that will help give the child a sense of accomplishments. For instance, ask the child to help cook dinner or give him specific chores to perform on a daily basis, such as making his bed or feeding the family dog. Each time the child successfully performs a task, give him a gold star or a smiley face on a poster board. The child should then be offered a reward for receiving a set number of positive marks, such as a toy or the ability to have friends over for a sleepover.