Grooming is an essential element of dog care, benefitting their appearance as well as their health. Regular grooming can help to promote hair growth, reduce the amount of hair left around the house, prevent uncomfortable knots from forming and strengthen the bond between a dog and its owner. The correct frequency and style of grooming can help to maintain the natural beauty of the Japanese Spitz’s distinctive fluffy white coat.
The Japanese Spitz and its coat
The Japanese Spitz is a relatively small dog, measuring between 30 and 36cm tall. The breed has pointed ears and a muzzle that narrows towards the end. Its black eyes and nose contrast with the bright white colour of its long coat and long, curling tail. With a coat comprised of two layers, thick at the bottom with long, soft fur on the top, the Japanese Spitz has its own insulation system that helps it to stay cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Grooming can help to make the most of this beautiful yet practical coat.
Although the Japanese Spitz has a brilliant white coat, the fur is also fortunate enough to have a non-stick quality that allows the majority of dirt to roll off it. This means that the breed does not require extensive grooming on a daily basis, with a daily groom of between five and ten minutes being enough on most days. In order to maintain the coat’s health and appearance, the Japanese Spitz should also be bathed only when necessary. More thorough grooming sessions may be more suitable if the dog is entering a show and when it is moulting, which occurs once a year in males and twice a year in females.
The first step in grooming a Japanese Spitz, as with other small dogs, is to place it safely on a non-slip table in order to examine the fur carefully and avoid excessive bending. A soft brush can help to remove everyday debris from the fur while stiff combs with two rows of metal pins are very effective at removing loose fur while the dogs are moulting. For more thorough grooming methods, ear cleaners, nail clippers and toothbrushes may also be necessary. Small scissors and thinning scissors are also required for trimming and shaping fur around the feet, especially when a Japanese Spitz is being entered into a show.
Brushing the fur from root to tip with a soft brush can to remove the dirt and saliva that collects on a daily basis, remove loose hair and prevent knots from forming. Extra attention should be paid to the mane and the area behind the dog’s ears. Other areas that require gentle brushing include the back, belly and tail. While the dog is moulting, a comb should be used in longer grooming sessions to remove the extra hair that it is losing and prevent excess hair on furniture and carpets.