How to Make Wooden Crossbows

Written by sherry mao
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How to Make Wooden Crossbows
The most common type of crossbow is a wooden one. (Thomas Northcut/Digital Vision/Getty Images)

The crossbow has played a major role in the history of warfare since the 4th century. Today, it is generally used for hunting and target shooting. A crossbow is a weapon that shoots projectiles called quarrels or bolts. It is comprised of a bow [called a "prod"] mounted on a supporting structure or stock. Crossbow designs vary in how they are shot, their range and the type of target they are used against. A simple crossbow can be made from household items and any type of wood.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

Things you need

  • Two wood blocks, 2 inches wide; one 2-feet-long piece, one 3-feet-long piece
  • Nails
  • Hammer
  • Rubber band or strong elastic

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  1. 1

    Form a "T" shape by placing the 2-feet-long piece of wood horizontally over the 3-feet-long piece, about 1 and a half inches from the end.

  2. 2

    Hammer in a nail to secure the two wooden pieces together.

  3. 3

    Hammer in one nail on either end of the shorter piece of wood until about an eighth inch of the nail is left sticking out. The nails must be securely driven into the wood to add strength to the bow and to make sure the wood does not slip when fired.

  4. 4

    Connect the strong elastic or rubber band to the two nails on either side of the horizontal board. Make sure the elastic or rubber band is stretched tight so it will launch the object properly.

  5. 5

    Place a bolt or other object against the middle of the elastic band. Pull back until it is firm. Aim the crossbow at your target and release the band to launch the object.

Tips and warnings

  • Crossbow bolts can also be made from different household materials.
  • Bolts made of aluminium are light and strong and are ideal for launching.
  • Feathers can be added to the ends of the bolts to enhance its speed and direction.
  • Never point the crossbow at a person or animal.

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