How to Teach the Alphabet to Children

Written by melissa morang
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How to Teach the Alphabet to Children
Playing with puzzles is one way to learn the alphabet. (Hemera Technologies/ Images)

Learning the alphabet is a milestone in a child's life that gives him the building blocks to learn to read. You can start teaching the alphabet when your child is 2 years old. Take advantage of teaching opportunities provided by everyday objects and activities to maintain the child's interest.

Skill level:


  1. 1

    Read to your child often. Include picture books and occasionally stop and point out a letter. You can also point to letters on a restaurant menu, such as the letter C in coffee, or letters on grocery store labels, such as P on a can of peas. Tell your child what the letter is and ask him to repeat it.

  2. 2

    Write your child's name on a piece of poster board or construction paper. Put the poster in your child's room. Say each letter. Ask your child to repeat the letters. Review the letters daily.

  3. 3

    Make an alphabet game with food. Tell your child that you are setting out food starting with the letter B, for example. Bring a banana to the table and tell your child that banana begins with the letter B. Write the letter down so that your child can see it. Bring in another food with the letter B, such as beans. Ice cookies with the letters of the alphabet. Ask your child to join you. Say the letters as you ice the cookies. Ask your child to repeat the letters.

  4. 4

    Sing the alphabet song. The child will eventually remember all of the letters. As she sings each letter, point to it on an alphabet sheet or poster. Take turns singing the song. As you sing, ask your child to point to the letters.

  5. 5

    Practice writing the letters of the alphabet. Start by writing the letter A and telling your child what letter it is. Ask him to write the letter. Draw a picture of an object beginning with the letter, such as an apple. Practice daily.

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