Greek hoplites, or foot soldiers, were key elements in the Greek army. Before the appearance of the hoplite in the late 8th century, wars were fought primarily through individual combat. Greek hoplites were adorned with protective metal helmets, greaves and breastplates. A hoplite's shield was carried on his left arm while his right hand carried a 6-foot-long thrusting spear and a sheathed sword was at his hip. Although drawing a Greek hoplite soldier is a complicated task, using a reference picture to help you through the sketching steps will help you create a professional and accurate finished product.
Draw the guidelines for the soldier's body shape. Begin by drawing the oblong shape of the soldier's head, and the general shape of the soldier's body, using your reference picture as a guide. Position the soldier's legs and arms as desired to give him the pose you would like.
Detail the hoplite's body armour. Draw the soldier's helmet over the outline of the soldier's head. Use your reference picture as a guide when detailing the helmet's features such as face guard, fan and decoration. Draw the body armour over the soldier's chest, and greaves over the outline of the soldier's shins.
Draw the soldier's clothing. The clothing should wrinkle out from underneath the breastplate, exposing the soldier's bare arms and lower thighs.
Sketch in detail the soldier's face, arms and legs. Although the helmet should cover most of the soldier's face, carefully detail the exposed eyes and mouth to give the soldier an expression of anger, fury or fear.
Add a shield and weaponry. Sketch the soldier's right hand so that it is grasping a long spear. Draw a sheathed sword at his right hip and add a shield behind his left arm. Use your reference picture to help you determine where to place the weapons, and to help you detail the weaponry.