How to warp a loom for weaving tapestries

Written by b.t. alo
  • Share
  • Tweet
  • Share
  • Pin
  • Email
How to warp a loom for weaving tapestries
Warping a loom is the first step in making your own tapestry. (Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images)

Tapestry looms are made in a basic wooden or plastic frame, much like a picture frame. The top and bottom of most looms have small notches in the sides for holding the warp, or base threads, in place while weaving the tapestry. Frames that do not have notches may have small pegs instead or there are frames that come without the warp notches. Warping a tapestry loom is more or less the same process for any type of loom design.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

Other People Are Reading

Things you need

  • Yarn
  • Scissors
  • Measuring tape
  • Pencil

Show MoreHide

Instructions

    Notched Loom

  1. 1

    Tie the end of a piece of yarn around the bottom of the loom frame at the left hand side. Move the yarn until it pops into the first notch on the bottom left of the frame.

  2. 2

    Guide the yarn up to the first notch on the top left of the loom. Place the yarn in the notch and, keeping the yarn taut, bring it around the back of the loom frame and around the bottom of the frame to the second notch on the bottom left of the frame.

  3. 3

    Continue winding the yarn around the frame in this manner until the entire loom is warped or until you achieve the desired width of the tapestry.Tie the end of the yarn off on the bottom right of the loom.

  4. 4

    Cut a piece of yarn three times the width of the loom. Fold the yarn in two and loop the folded end around the bottom left side of the loom, threading the ends through the loop so that the doubled yarn is attached to the side of the loom. This is spacing yarn, which will be threaded through the warp threads to ensure it stays even while weaving.

  5. 5

    Move the spacing yarn so that it is about 1/2 inch from the bottom of the loom and tie a knot in it just beside the first warp thread. Open the two pieces of yarn and wrap them around the second warp thread, leaving the first one free to stand as a straight guide while weaving.

  6. 6

    Cross the two pieces of yarn between the second and third warp thread, then wrap the third warp thread. Continue in this manner until you reach the second last warp thread.

  7. 7

    Tie a knot in the two threads just after the last warp thread, leaving it free like you did the first. Tie off the spacing yarn on the right side of the frame. You are now ready to weave your tapestry.

    Peg Loom

  1. 1

    Tie the end of the yarn to the first peg in the bottom left of the loom. Guide the yarn up to the first peg on the top left.

  2. 2

    Turn the yarn sharply to the right, keeping the tension on the yarn and then guide it over the second peg on the top left, then down to the second peg on the bottom left. Turn the yarn sharply right again, around the third left bottom peg and up to the third left top peg.

  3. 3

    Continue in this manner until the desired width is reached, then tie off the yarn on the last peg used.

  4. 4

    Cut a length of yarn three times the width of the loom and use it for spacing yarn on the bottom of the warp threads as you did for the notched loom.

    Notch-Free Loom

  1. 1

    Measure and mark the distance you want the warp threads to be onto the bottom of the loom frame. Warp threads can be from 1/8 inch apart to 1/2 inch apart, depending on level of skill as well as the thickness of the weft threads you are weaving with.

  2. 2

    Tie the end of a piece of yarn to the bottom left of the loom, on the first marked position on the frame. Guide the yarn up to the top left, around the back of the loom and down to the bottom left again, bringing it around on the second marked position on the frame.

  3. 3

    Continue warping the loom in this manner until the last marked position is reached, then tie off the warp thread onto the loom frame.

  4. 4

    Cut a length of yarn three times the width of the loom and use it for spacing yarn on the bottom of the warp threads as you did for the notched loom. The spacing yarn is crucial for notch and peg-free looms, as it is the only thing keeping the warp threads properly spaced.

Don't Miss

Filter:
  • All types
  • Articles
  • Slideshows
  • Videos
Sort:
  • Most relevant
  • Most popular
  • Most recent

No articles available

No slideshows available

No videos available

By using the eHow.co.uk site, you consent to the use of cookies. For more information, please see our Cookie policy.