How to Teach Shapes to 2-Year-Olds

Written by michelle blessing
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How to Teach Shapes to 2-Year-Olds
Flashcards are one way to teach your 2-year-old shapes. (Jupiterimages/ Images)

Triangles, circles, rectangles and squares -- all basic shapes that your 2-year-old will need to learn before going to school. Shapes are a large part of your toddler's world. Her toys are comprised of basic shapes, as are her clothes and food. Teaching your child to identify shapes can be challenging at first, but with patience, opportunity and the right materials, your 2-year-old will know a circle from an oval in no time.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Shape puzzles
  • Shape sorter
  • Paper
  • Crayons/Markers
  • Shape flashcards
  • Construction paper
  • Scissors

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  1. 1

    Purchase a variety of educational materials dealing with shapes. Puzzles, flashcards and hand-held shapes are all materials that are helpful in teaching your child to identify shapes.

  2. 2

    Set aside time each day to sit down with your child and review the educational materials you purchased. Help your 2-year-old to place shapes into the puzzle, telling him what the shapes are as he does. Hand your child shaped blocks to place in the corresponding holes of a shape sorter, telling him what the shape is as you give it to him. Try to have your 2-year-old repeat the name of the shape back to you.

  3. 3

    Create fun songs to sing that teach about shapes as your show your child flashcards. Songs For Teaching has a variety of songs you can use to teach your child about shapes. Sing the song and show the corresponding flashcard to your 2-year-old. Have your child show you the correct flashcard as you sing the song after several teaching sessions.

  4. 4

    Draw outlines of basic shapes on a piece of white construction paper. Cut the corresponding shapes from colourful construction paper and have your 2-year-old match the shape to the outline. You can assist in this process by tracing the outline of the shape in the same colour as the shape you cut out.

  5. 5

    Help your child draw shapes on paper with a crayon or marker. You can use the shape cutouts for her to trace or have her draw the shape freehand. Name each shape as you are drawing it.

  6. 6

    Use everyday objects, such as food and toys, to continue to reinforce the concept of basic shapes to your child. Cut his sandwiches in different shapes and have him identify each one as he eats it. Show him different fruits, vegetables and packaging at the grocery store to identify the shapes. Ask him to find certain shapes at the playground or mall on a shopping trip.

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