Shri Satyanarayana is the Narayan manifestation of Lord Vishnu. Hindu followers perform Satyanarayana pooja, which is act of religious observance, in conjunction with major life events such as marriage or purchase of a new home. The pooja is primarily designed as a means of giving thanks and showing gratitude. With a little preparation, Satyanarayana pooja can easily be carried out in your own home, typically with guests or a gathering of family members. The evening of a full moon is considered the most auspicious occasion for conducting this pooja, though it can be done at any time.
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Things you need
- 1/4 cup rava per person
- 1/4 cup milk per person, plus 2 teaspoons
- 1/4 cup ghee or clarified butter per person, plus 2 teaspoons
- 1/4 cup mashed banana per person
- 1/4 cup sugar per person plus one teaspoon
- 2 teaspoons curd (dahi)
- 1 teaspoon honey
- 2.2lbs (1 Kg) white rice
- Box large enough to hold one of your statues
- 2 new pieces of cloth
- Water in a container
- 6 currency notes (such as $1 bills)
- 6 coins
- 1 flower
- Shri Satyanarayana statue or photograph
- Lord Ganesha statue or photograph
- Panchaloka statue or photograph
- Metal pitcher (kalash)
- silver plate
- kumkum powder
- Turmeric coloured rice (akshata)
- 11 Betel leaves
- 6 Betel nuts
- Conch shell
- Areca nuts (seeds from the Areca Palm)
- Oil lamp
- Ghee lamp
- Incense Stick with holder
- 5 coconuts
- 5 pieces jaggery
- Flower garland
Cook the 1/4 cup rava, 1/4 cup milk, 1/4 cup ghee, 1/4 cup mashed banana, and 1/4 cup sugar until the mixture resembles a thick paste. This mixture is called a Prasad and will be offered to the idol later. Multiply the recipe as needed to provide 1 and 1/4 cup of the mix to each person.
In a separate container prepare panchmruta by mixing of 2 teaspoons milk, 2 teaspoons curd, 2 teaspoons ghee, 1 teaspoon sugar, and 1 teaspoon honey over the idol.
Abstain from eating food or drinking any liquids on the day the pooja is to be performed. Play holy or divine music to create a holy atmosphere in your home. Dress in suitable attire, traditionally silk clothing that is native to Hindu culture.
Decorate the door to your pooja room with rangoli patterns. Prepare an elevated platform in your pooja room. This can be made from a box. If you do not have a separate pooja room, the outer casing to your mandir, or home temple, can be decorated and the platform placed on the floor next to the mandir.
Place a new piece of cloth on the platform. Spread approximately a handful of the rice over the cloth. In the centre place a metal pitcher (kalash) half filled with water. Place one betel leaf, one coin, one flower and a little turmeric coloured rice (akshata) inside the metal pitcher. Cover the metal pitcher with a new piece of cloth.
Place five betel leaves on top of the cloth with the stems pointing toward the centre of the pitcher. Place a silver plate on top and fill the plate with rice. Draw a swastik symbol with kumkum powder in the middle. Place one betel nut in the centre of the swastik. Draw a Balkrishna symbol to the right of the betel nut with the kumkum powder.
Place the idol of Shri Satyanarayan on top of the plate facing east. Place one banana leaf on each corner of the box. Place a bell on the front left corner of the platform. Place a conch shell on top of a bed or rice at the front right corner of the platform.
Place one oil lamp and one ghee lamp on the right side of the platform. Place the incense stick in a holder on the side of the ghee lamp.
Place five coconuts in front of the platform. Place one betel leaf in front of each coconut. On top of the betel leaf place one currency note followed by one coin. Place one betel nut on top of each coin.
Perform panchamruta abhishekam by pouring the panchamruta mixture, which you prepared in Step 1, over the statue.
Place the Lord Ganesha and Panchaloka statues to the north of Shri Satyanarayana. Worship these idols by placing almonds, dry fruit, areca nuts, or turmeric pods at the base of the idols.
Worship the nine planets by placing areca nuts on betal leaves. Next worship Lord Indra and other guardian angels by offering areca nuts on betel leaves.
Recite the invocation to invite Shri Satyanaraya to the ceremony. Offer the Shri Satyanaraya statue water. Drape the neck of the Shri Satyanaraya with the flower garland. Light the incense and the ghee lamp and waive it in front of the statue. Offer the Prasad prepared in Step 1 to Shri Satyanaraya.
Worship or pay homage to the statue. Thank Shri Satyanaraya for attending and blessing the ceremony to bring things to a close.
Tips and warnings
- Because of the holy nature of the Satyanarayana Pooja, it is recommended that you obtain the assistance of a pandit who knows the traditional Sanskrit passages that traditionally accompany this ceremony.
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