How to make a miniature medieval castle and battlefield

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How to make a miniature medieval castle and battlefield
Medieval castles and battlefields can be recreated with a few household items. (Jupiterimages/ Images)

Medieval castles and battlefields bring to mind dramatic scenes from Shakespeare's plays and the playful ambience of Renaissance fairs. You can construct our own miniature model castle and battlefield as a creative project, or to teach children about medieval life. In either case, this project will fit nicely on a dining room table or bookcase, to be enjoyed for years to come.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Printer paper
  • Three cardboard cereal boxes, opened and disassembled
  • Craft glue
  • Scissors
  • Acrylic paint in assorted colours
  • Large piece of corrugated cardboard
  • Masking tape

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    Making the Castle

  1. 1

    Go to a website such as or Find and print a free template that will give you the basic elements of a medieval castle, with separate pieces for walls, turrets and a keep (a central tower). Templates such as this ensure that pieces are measured to fit together. They also can be printed on standard paper.

  2. 2

    Paint the basic elements of the castle or leave them white for a more streamlined look. The pieces will lay flat. They must be completely dry before assembly.

  3. 3

    Disassemble the cereal boxes along glued seams so they lay flat. You also can use thin, flexible cardboard that is ready for gluing without additional preparation. Glue each castle element to the flat cardboard. This step will give structure to each element of the castle. Apply glue sparingly around the edges of the paper so pieces will not pucker.

  4. 4

    Cut each cardboard castle piece along the lines of the designs that have been glued to the cardboard. Each piece of the castle will be separate and ready to assemble

  5. 5

    Glue pieces together according to instructions. Each template will have a different style and method of assembly, but generally, each will direct you to glue pieces together and attach them to the large piece of corrugated cardboard as a base. Use masking tape on the inside base of the castle, where it will remain unseen.

    Making the Battlefield

  1. 1

    Sketch warriors, horses, bows, arrows and catapults on white paper, in a scale appropriate to the model castle. Draw each warrior with a small, rectangular tab at the bottom of a foot. It will be used as a stabiliser when you attach the warrior to the battlefield. Paint in your choice of colours.

  2. 2

    Glue figures to thin cardboard and cut out each element of the battlefield, as in Section 1.

  3. 3

    Attach figures to the base of the castle in any arrangement. Bend the tab at the bottom of each warrior's foot at a 90-degree angle. Glue in place. For the look of a more open battlefield, these figures also can placed on a separate base. Attach bows and arrows to warriors.

Tips and warnings

  • Before you attach the castle to the base, paint the base green to resemble grass.
  • Surround the castle with a moat made of blue construction paper.

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