How to Make a Coniferous Forest Biome Project

Written by hayley pangle
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How to Make a Coniferous Forest Biome Project
Trees with needles and cones make up coniferous forests. (two pretty cones image by rafalwit from

The coniferous forest biome is present in the northernmost regions of North America and in Scandinavia and Russia. You can take a hands-on approach to your coniferous forest biome project if you live in the northern half of the United States. Take the time to explore nearby forests and nature parks, and personalise your project with your own discoveries.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Plastic bags, variety
  • Basket
  • Camera
  • Poster board
  • Hot glue

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  1. 1

    Research several reliable sources to provide a legitimate base for your biome project. Use websites of geography or earth science professors from other schools or colleges since they often post their curriculum online. Go to a nearby natural history or science museum and interview a professional in environmental studies.

  2. 2

    Travel to a nearby coniferous forest or park. These are characterised by trees with needles, such as pine, spruce and fir. Consult with a park ranger about what specific trails to take for your project. Collect several specimens of pine needles, leaves from other trees and bark shavings. Place these in plastic bags in a basket.

    How to Make a Coniferous Forest Biome Project
    Take sprigs of needles from different species of trees. (pine needles image by astoria from
  3. 3

    Note the types of animals that reside in the forest. You will likely see squirrels, chipmunks and bird varieties. If you are lucky enough, you might be able to find empty bird nests and egg shells. Collect these as well.

    How to Make a Coniferous Forest Biome Project
    Record the sounds of the forests with a tape recorder. (mésange charbonnière 02 image by Luc PATUREAU from
  4. 4

    Take notes and pictures as you explore. Include in your notes the sounds, scents, and sights you notice. Type these out later and print excerpts to include in your final project.

  1. 1

    Choose the method you want to present your information. Make a poster, brochure, PowerPoint presentation, or combine all three. Follow the requirements and guidelines of your teacher, but also make sure to compare and contrast the findings in your area with other coniferous biomes around the world, such as the Taiga of Siberia. Differentiate the wildlife between the two.

    How to Make a Coniferous Forest Biome Project
    Explain the characteristics of the Taiga as well. (taiga image by shortest day from
  2. 2

    Pass around some cone and needle specimens to your classmates during your presentation. Or, stick these to poster board with dots of hot glue. Describe the unique aspects of coniferous forests from the rest of the world's biomes. Explain how the weather and environment affects the growth pattern of coniferous trees. Clarify why coniferous trees grow in these areas and not just deciduous species.

  3. 3

    Use PowerPoint as a slide show for all of your pictures. Supplement these pictures with some bullet point facts, but mainly use this as a supplement to your presentation. Pick some of your favourites to put in a coniferous forest biome travel brochure.

Tips and warnings

  • Go to a forest with a trusted adult or group of people. Be careful not to wander far from trails.
  • Make a list of resources for your classmates in case they want to explore coniferous forests.

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