How to Repair a VHD File

Written by lindsay howell
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How to Repair a VHD File
(George Doyle/Stockbyte/Getty Images)

Virtual PC virtual hard disk, or VHD, files are hard disk image files used by the program Microsoft Virtual PC. VHD files store data on a single file that acts as an individual hard disk, and so they are useful for installing multiple operating systems on one computer and for running older applications. If you accidentally delete your VHD files, you can recover them with a data-recovery program. Many of these programs are available to download online for free.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy


  1. 1

    Retrieve your VHD files with Tokiwa, a free data-recovery program (see Resources). Download Tokiwa, and then install it on your PC and run the program. Choose the hard drive from the drive selection menu and click the "Scan Files" tab. Tokiwa will display a list of thumbnails of deleted data. Click on the VHD files you want, then click "Recovery."

  2. 2

    Utilise Smart Recovery 4.5 to restore VHD files you have accidentally deleted (see Resources). Download this program for free via the Internet, and then install and run it. Choose the "C:/" drive as the location to be scanned; Smart Recovery 4.5 will locate deleted files and display them. Choose the VHD files you want to restore, and they will be returned to your computer's hard drive.

  3. 3

    Restore your deleted VHD files with Recuva, a free program (see Resources). Download Recuva online, and then install the program and open it. Select the hard drive when prompted to choose a drive. Recuva will scan the drive for deleted items, which will be displayed in a list. Click the VHD files you want to recover, and then click the "Restore" tab.

Tips and warnings

  • Save copies of your VHD files on a flash drive or external hard drive; this way you will have extra copies in case you accidentally delete the VHD files from your internal hard drive.
  • Never turn off your computer while running a data-recovery program, because doing so can result in damaging the files you are trying to retrieve.

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