Fuchsia is a flowering perennial native to Central and South America. Grown either upright or hanging, fuchsia plants bloom profusely from spring to fall. There are between 3,000 and 5,000 different cultivars of fuchsia available. Most fuchsia plants need moist soil and a shady area to grow well. Cool, mild weather is best for fuchsia plants, since freezes and too much heat will kill them. The fuchsia blooms on new wood, the wood that grows that year, so heavy pruning is acceptable.
Cut out any damaged, diseased, or dead wood from the fuchsia at any time of the year. Cut the wood back 3 inches into healthy wood.
Prune fuchsia plants in the middle of March. Cut back 2/3 to 3/4 of all the growth from the previous year. Cut all the spindly foliage back to the main trunk of the fuchsia. Cutting off the old wood allows new flowering wood to grow.
Pinch back every new growth tip after it has two leaves during the growing season. Pinch the growth with your fingers to remove it. Pinching back promotes branching, resulting in fuller growth and more flowers. Stop pinching back the fuchsia a month before the first frost date in the fall or winter.