How to Build a Wine Cellar Cabinet

Written by robert comito
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How to Build a Wine Cellar Cabinet
Storing wine properly (wine rack image by jedphoto from

A wine cellar cabinet includes a refrigeration unit. They are larger and deeper than non-refrigerated wine cabinets and include several independent temperature controls. According to Wine Cellars and More, wine should be placed in a dark, quiet, cool and humid area of your home. You want to maintain a constant temperature of 12.8 to 14.4 degrees Celsius with 55 to 75 per cent humidity.

Skill level:
Moderately Challenging

Things you need

  • Structural insulated panels (2-inch EPS)
  • Wood screws
  • Wood glue
  • Sealing mastic/expanding foam sealant
  • Door hinges
  • Door latch
  • Wood sheet
  • Weatherstripping
  • Wine cooling system
  • Wine bottle insert materials

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    Design Your Wine Cellar Cabinet

  1. 1

    Design your wine cellar cabinet. Include the following parts in your design: cabinet doors, back, top, sides and bottom.

  2. 2

    Design a wine bottle insert. According to Wine Racks America, when you design the wine bottle insert, allow 3 1/2 inches for standard bottles and 4 1/4 inches for magnum bottles.

  3. 3

    Design an area in the wine bottle insert to place the wine cooling system.

    Build the Wine Cellar Cabinet

  1. 1

    Cut structural insulated panels for the cabinet doors, back, top, sides, and bottom. According to HandyAmerican, structural insulated panels consist of expanded polystyrene (EPS) insulation sandwiched between two pieces of oriented strand board (OSB).

  2. 2

    Attach sides to bottom with wood glue and screws.

  3. 3

    Attach top to sides with wood glue and screws

  4. 4

    Seal insides of cabinet with mastic or expanding foam sealant.

  5. 5

    Attach door hinges and weatherstripping to doors, and then hang doors.

  6. 6

    Add door latch to wine cellar cabinet.

    Integrate the Wine Bottle Insert and Cooling System

  1. 1

    Assemble the materials necessary for your wine bottle insert. Based on your design, the bottle insert can be assembled from wood, PVC pipe, chimney bricks or any other material that is strong enough to handle the wine bottle load. Make sure you provide enough space for the type of bottle you are using.

  2. 2

    Build the bottle insert separate from the cabinet then integrate and fasten it securely to the inside of the cabinet.

  3. 3

    Incorporate the wine cooling system making sure to include a hole in the back of the cabinet for the electric cord.

  4. 4

    Feed the electric cord through the hole, then seal it.

  5. 5

    Allow all sealing materials to dry well before using the cabinet.

Tips and warnings

  • Do not use excessive stain, finishes or material like aromatic cedar because the smell will go straight through the cork into the wine.
  • If you place the cabinet in a closet, use a north wall or a wall that rarely receives heat from sunlight.
  • Determine where your home's electricity source or outlet is for the cooling unit; design the location of the cooling system in proximity to the outlet.

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