Parquet floors are popular because they are durable, attractive and their individual sections, or tiles, can be placed several of different patterns. The way you repair a parquet floor largely hinges on the type of damage. Scratches and dents are usually an easy fix. More extensive damage requires sanding the floor. If you don't want to repair the parquet floor yourself, you can always simply remove the damaged piece and glue down a new one.
Draw over a scratch with a wood floor touch-up stick made of wax. These sticks are available at many home improvement and flooring stores.
Use a putty knife to scrape off any excess colouring from the wax stick. Buff the scratched area with a cloth.
Place a few drops of water on your floor if it has a dent. Leave the water in the dent for a few hours to see if will cause the wood to expand and the dent to pop out.
Hold a steam iron slightly above the floor for larger dents. Allow the steam to seep into the wood. The steam operates in the same way as the water, but is better for larger areas. Look to see if the dent pops out by itself.
Place some wood filler in the dent if it has still not come out. Let the wood filler dry before sanding your floor.
Check to see if any finish, such as wax or shellac, is on your floor. Too many layers of wax or multiple coats of shellac will need to be removed prior to sanding. Pour a little amount of varnish remover on a rag and rub the rag in a corner or inconspicuous part of the room. Remove the finish from the entire floor with the varnish remover if it had no unwanted effects on the parquet tiles.
Sand your room with medium-grit sandpaper and an orbital sander. Sand by walking from one wall in the room across to another in overlapping passes. Turn the sander 90 degrees and sand over the rows you just sanded. Sand along the walls and any areas where the orbital sander could not reach with a palm sander.
Place a finer-grit sandpaper on the orbital and palm sanders. Sand the entire room with the method described above.
Inspect the floor to see if there are any dents or missing pieces of wood. Place some wood filler in these areas, if needed. Let the wood filler dry before sanding your floor.
Sand your parquet floor with your finest-grit sandpaper until the floor feels very smooth.
Apply a new coat of finish to your parquet floor.
Use a dust pan and broom to sweep up any debris from the sanding. Vacuum the floor to remove any tiny particles.
Apply a new finish to your parquet floor.
Try to match the wood filler with the tint of your floor as closely as possible. Newer parquet floors are more likely to have a polyurethane finish. If you are not sure what kind of finish is on your floor, pour some acetone on a cotton ball. If a stain forms on the cotton, it has a lacquer or shellac. If a stain does not appear, your floor has a polyurethane finish.
Use protective eyewear and a surgeon's mask while sanding.