Fuchsias are available in nearly every colour except blue and yellow, making them suitable for many garden designs. Upright bush fuchsias have stiff stems and exotic-looking, trumpet-like flowers. Often grown as a hedge, they are suitable for use in borders and as a living fence around property lines. Growing and caring for your fuchsia bush properly ensures its production of abundant blooms and foliage. Fuchsia are usually planted as purchased seedlings from garden centres and nurseries.
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Things you need
- Pruning shears
Prepare a garden bed that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. Choose a well-draining bed that retains some soil moisture without becoming soggy.
Work a balanced, slow-release 20-20-20 fertiliser into the planting bed before transplanting. Follow label instructions for exact application amounts and methods.
Dig a planting hole twice as wide as the root ball and to the same depth as the nursery pot. Set the fuchsia plant into the hole. Fill in the area around the plant with soil.
Firm the soil around the plant with your hands. Water thoroughly after planting so the ground around the plant is evenly moist.
Apply a 2-inch layer of organic mulch around the base of each plant to preserve soil moisture. Water as often as necessary to keep the soil evenly moist.
Fertilise your fuchsia bush every two months throughout each spring and summer. Apply a slow-release, balanced fertiliser following label instructions.
Re-apply the mulch in spring to maintain the 2-inch depth around each plant. Mulch breaks down in the soil over summer and winter, requiring additional applications.
Pinch off the spent flowers and seed pods as they form. This prevents seed production and encourages further blooming.
Prune off all foliage once autumn frost forces the fuchsia into dormancy. Water every four weeks to keep the soil moist.
Tips and warnings
- Plant fuchsia outside after all danger of spring frost has passed. Fuchsia plants tolerate frost once they become established over the summer.
- Plants left in the ground over winter may not bloom until late summer. This is common for those grown as hedges. If grown in containers, move the fuchsia into a frost-free shed or garage over winter; they will bloom earlier in summer under such conditions.
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