A hernia is due to a weakened abdominal wall. Because of this weakness, parts of the abdomen or internal organs may protrude from their normal location. Hernia surgery uses a mesh material to strengthen or build up the abdominal wall, This will hold the contents of the abdomen in place and prevent further protruding. To help reduce your pain, you will need to see your doctor so that he can examine you and determine which type of pain relief is best for your situation. There are steps you can follow to help reduce your pain after hernia surgery.
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Things you need
- Doctor's examination
- Pain relief medication
- Bland foods
Visit your doctor. You will need a follow-up examination after you have hernia surgery. Your doctor will evaluate your pain, based on your description, and by examining your incision. He will also check for signs and symptoms of infection at the surgical site, which may also contribute to pain.
Ask about pain medication. Your doctor can prescribe relief medication best for you. Your doctor may give you a prescription for a medication that is codeine based, or he may prescribe anti inflammatory medications. If your pain is not very severe, your doctor may tell you to take an over-the-counter pain reliever.
Eat bland foods. Foods high in fat or foods that produce gas can upset your stomach. Gas pains and upset stomach caused by fatty foods can contribute to your pain. Eat foods that are low in fat and that do not produce lots of gas such as beans, broccoli or cabbage.
Get moving. Ask you doctor when you can start walking. Mild exercise and walking helps with the healing process. As your tissues begin to heal, your pain will subside. Walking also helps alleviate anxiety and stress. These can contribute to pain, and have an impact on how you deal with pain. By relieving stress, you may be better able to cope with your pain, and it will not seem as severe.
Use pillows. After surgery, your abdominal muscles will be sore. It may hurt to sneeze or cough. To reduce the pain, firmly hold pillows to your abdomen when you sneeze or cough to absorb the shock. This will reduce pain, and take away the fear of coughing. Coughing is especially important after surgery because when you receive general anaesthesia, your lungs collect mucous. You need to cough the mucous up so it does not stay in your lungs and promote pneumonia.
Tips and warnings
- Monitor your surgical site and keep it clean per your doctor's instructions. By keeping your incision clean, you will reduce the risk of an infection.
- If you experience bleeding, swelling, pain or drainage from your incisions, call your doctor right away. These may be signs of an infection that needs to be treated. Also, if you experience severe pain or shortness of breath, call 911.
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