Understanding Base Notes
If you are interested in making perfume using essential oils, you must understand the scents associated with each type of oil and the manner in which those oils work together to produce a final aroma. Essential oil scents can be categorised into three basic categories: base notes, middle notes, and top notes. Base notes typically smell earthy and linger for longer periods than other notes. Base notes should be selected and added first to your perfume. Sandalwood, frankincense, clove, cedarwood, patchouli, vanilla, myrrh, and nutmeg are base notes that blend well with a variety of other scents.
Choosing Middle and Top Notes
Middle notes are typically mild and help blend base and top notes. These essential oils will make up the bulk of your perfume, and can include such oils as lavender, geranium, jasmine, thyme, pine, rosewood, sage, and ylang-ylang. The top notes selected when making perfume using essential oils will be responsible for the scent given off when the perfume is first applied. Only traces of top notes should be added to your perfume, and these oils should be introduced only after the base and middle notes have been well blended. Essential oils that make aromatic top notes include lemon grass, peppermint, lime, bergamot, marjoram, orange, and bay.
Selecting a Carrier for Your Perfume
Many essential oils can be irritating to the skin, and when used in concentrated form, their scents can be overwhelming. Because of this, a carrier is used when making perfume using essential oils. Carriers are typically other types of oil and they make up 60 to 90 per cent of the finished perfume. Jojoba and grapeseed oils are popular choices for carriers, but any vegetable oil will work.
Blending Your Final Product
Once your oils have been selected, you must blend them together in a jar or other container for later use as a perfume. Dark bottles are preferred, as they keep light out and preserve the oils for longer periods. Add your carrier oil and base notes to the bottle first, then slowly mix in your middle notes. Your top notes are added to the bottle last. Add approximately 59.1ml of alcohol to your perfume, shake it for several minutes, and then leave it to rest for a minimum of 48 hours before use. Make certain you label the bottle and keep a record of the oils used, both for future use and to identify any possible allergies if you have a reaction to your new perfume.