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When Does Scottish Heather Bloom?

Updated April 17, 2017

Woven into Scottish folklore, songs and poetry, references to heather evoke a sentiment that reflects a part of Scottish identity tied to this hardy, evergreen shrub. Travellers to Scotland hope to experience the brilliantly coloured hills of heather so intrinsic to Scottish culture.

Identification

Heather's scientific name is Calluna vulgaris, indicating a certain degree of historical significance: Calluna is a Greek word meaning "to brush or sweep," because the shrub's twigs made excellent brooms, and vulgaris is Latin for "common." North American heather blooms in July through November.

Significance

Heather grows in nutrient-poor, acidic soils and survives in cooler, damper climates. The low-growing, perennial shrub flourishes in open areas, occurring in dry fields and heathlands, wetlands, in pine-birch forest and oak woodland clearings, and above the treeline. Resilient and regenerative, heather's life-cycle spans 30 to 40 years.

Features

In Scotland, the pale purple to pinkish spikes appear in July, leading into the most plentiful flowering period during August, when heather truly colours the hills. Some plants continue blooming into October. Latitude and altitude influence the timing of heather's blooming period: Plants lower down the hillsides bloom first, gradually followed by those extending up the hills. Orientation to the sun also affects heather's flowering: South-facing slopes bloom earlier and more proficiently than those facing north.

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About the Author

Based in Portland, Ore., Bonnie Jahangiri has been writing travel-related articles since 2000, with work on appearing on various websites. She writes about healthy living as well as the diverse culture and geography of her native region, the Pacific Northwest. Jahangiri holds a Bachelor of Arts in international studies and German from Portland State University.