What makes urine smell strong?

Written by rachel terry swick | 13/05/2017
What makes urine smell strong?
Strong urine smell could mean you aren't drinking enough water. (Toilet bowl and bidet in a toilet image by terex from Fotolia.com)

A strong urine smell could mean dehydration, but it could also point to other medical issues. If you notice a change in the smell or colour of your urine, first try drinking more water during the day. If urine smell gets worse, consult your doctor immediately.


Urine is mostly water, so if you are not drinking enough water during the day, your urine will have a strong smell and colour. This colour could range from dark yellow to almost a light brown colour. Drink six to eight glasses of water the following day and see if this eliminates the problem.

Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection also could cause a strong urine smell. These infections are caused when bacteria enters the urinary tract. This is a common infection that is easily treated with medication prescribed by your doctor. Another way said to help ease this infection is to drink more cranberry juice. Other symptoms of this infection include fatigue, bed-wetting and abdominal pain.


Menopause can cause changes in the colour or smell of urine. If you are a woman in her mid- to late-50s, menopause could be the reason for your strong urine smell. Menopause is a natural process for women and can include symptoms of hot flashes, mood swings and body aches. To determine if menopause is the cause of your strong urine smell, consult your doctor.

Male Infections

Strong urine smells in men often are caused by prostate infections. The prostate gland is an important part of a man's make-up, so even the smallest infections should be taken seriously. Prostate infections can lead to erectile dysfunction and incomplete emptying of the bladder. Consult your doctor immediately if you have strong smelling urine and a hard time attaining an erection.

Kidney Disease

Long-term, a strong smelling urine can mean kidney disease. If you feel like your urine has been dark and smelly over the period of several weeks to a month, consult with your doctor immediately. Kidney disease and liver disease often are detected because of strong urine, as well as a loss of appetite, body ache and flushed complexion.

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