The future tense in Spanish is used to express future plans or things that might happen, to wonder what will happen, and to discuss what will probably happen. The future tense can pose problems for students due to the number of irregular verbs it includes. There are several useful and interesting activities teachers can use to teach and reinforce the future verb tense and the reasons why it is used. They can organise the projects according to the age and level of the students.
Future Tense Verb Charts
Students can practice the future tense regular and irregular verbs by filling in a chart for each of the verbs for the first through third person in singular and plural. The chart would need to have verbs printed in a column on the left and a series of blank boxes on the right in which students can insert their answers.
Teachers can provide worksheets with blanks for the students to change the present form of the verb to the future form of the verb. Students can also make up their own sentences to practice.
Future Tense Oral or Written Practice
The future tense can be practised by giving students different situations to discuss or write about, such as, "I wonder what he will do if he wins one million dollars in the lottery?" Student answers could include, "He will probably buy a sportscar," "He will probably buy a house," and so on. If used as an oral activity, this could be done as either a pairs discussion or whole class discussion.
Future Tense Verb Tests
Teachers can organise multiple choice or fill-in-the-blank tests. For instance, using a picture of a zoo or a map of Madrid, the student could describe what they will do and see when they go.
Plans for the Weekend Project
Students can write an essay on what they plan to do with their family on the weekend. This project can also be done as a role play or discussion group that can be recorded in a language lab.
Plans for Summer Vacation or Christmas Break Projects
Students can write what they plan to do over the summer or during the winter vacation or Christmas holiday, using as many of the irregular verbs as they can. This activity can also be used as a role play or classroom discussion.
Science Fiction Story Projects
Students can write free-form science fiction stories in which they imagine what it will be like to live in the future. They can also write on specific themes or topics. Topics can include what will schools be like in 2050, what will the world be like in 100 years, what it will be like to travel to other planets, and so on. Activities can be gauged for different levels of student and age groups.
Word Searches and Puzzles
Teachers can also organise word searches or crossword puzzles for students to help them become more familiar with future tense verbs. The clues would be sentences with the future verbs missing. For weaker students, pictures could be included in the blanks. More advanced students could create their own puzzles to share with others.
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