Dicots and monocots make up the two main groups of flowers. Dicots, unlike monocots, have two embryonic leaves. All parts of a dicot flower come in multiples of four or five.
Allamanda cathartica is the scientific name for the golden trumpet flower. This low to the ground shrublike vine sprouts large, yellow flowers that are shaped much like trumpets. This plant mainly grows in Brazil. At the peak of its growth, the vine can reach 12 feet in length. This plant is toxic.
The red ivy flower is also known by the scientific name Hemigraphis alternata. The flowers grow on a shrub with slightly hairy leaves which have a purple shade to them. The flower petals are tiny and have an off-white colour with purple around the centre.
Nerium oleander is the scientific name for the oleander, the rose-laurel and the Laurier-rose, which are all names for the same flower. Oleanders, which are white, deep red or yellow flowers, grow from a large evergreen shrub. The plant can grow to 20 feet in height if it is not maintained. It is native to Southeast Asia, northern Africa and the eastern Mediterranean. This plant is toxic and will irritate the skin if you touch it.
Plumeria rubra is the scientific name for the flower known as tipani, plumeria or frangipanier. These fragrant white and red flowers grow on a shrub and have five petals and five stamens. People use this flower to treat bites and stings, and in perfume.
Manihot esculenta is the scientific name for the cassava flower, which has orange and white petals. The flower grows from a shrub that has large dark green leaves. The cassava plant can grow up to 20 feet tall and the roots of the plant are edible. Some of the edible items that can come from the plant are tapioca pudding, alcohol and sugar.
Bleeding Hearts Vine
The bleeding hearts vine has the scientific name Clerodendrum thompsoniae. This plant grows in Africa during the summer and the winter. The leaves on the plant are an evergreen shade and the heart-shaped petals of the flower go from white to pink as the flower ages. The bleeding heart vine can reach 10 to 12 feet in height at the peak of its growth.
East Indian Rose Bay
The East Indian rose bay is known by the scientific name Tabernaemontana coronaria. This plant is a small shrub with gardenia-like flowers. The petals come in multiples of two and the petals are white with a yellow, fragrant centre.