Variegated ivy has naturally occurring white or golden colouration mixed with green in its leaves. It is an attractive feature that helps brighten up shady spots in the garden or indoor locations when variegated ivy is used as a houseplant. Outdoors, variegated ivy plants thrive as ground cover or when covering a trellis or pergola.
Variegated English Ivy
Variegated English ivy (Hedera helix) is grown as a dense ground cover. It uses its aerial rootlets to attach itself to masonry, trees and walls, climbing as high as 50 feet. This ivy variety is evergreen and prefers a shady, well-drained but damp location. Its root system will rot in waterlogged soil. Under ideal conditions, variegated English ivy can become invasive and difficult to remove. It is a suitable plant for hanging baskets or indoor containers. It grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 3 through 9.
Golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is commonly used as a houseplant in the United States because it is native to shady, moist, frost-free forests. It's an appropriate plant for hanging baskets and containers as long as they are well-drained; Golden pothos will die in waterlogged soil. The golden variegation of the leaves is more pronounced when the ivy is growing in ideal conditions. When the plant is stressed from lack of water, too much water or poor soil conditions, its leaves become predominantly green.
Variegated Algerian Ivy
Variegated Algerian Ivy (Hedera canariensis varigata) is suitable as a houseplant or for planting outdoors. It grows under the same moist, well-drained and shady conditions as English ivy but is more tolerant of summer heat. The leaves are similar to English ivy but much bigger, as large as 6 inches across. Variegated Algerian ivy grows with varying degrees of variegation, depending on the variety. It grows best in USDA zones 6 through 10.
Variegated Persian Ivy
Variegated Persian ivy (Hedera colchica) is tolerant of dry shade conditions, heat and clay soils. It is not considered invasive. Variegated Persian ivy climbs by aerial rootlets and can grow to 50 feet, but gardeners can keep it in check with occasional pruning. Its dark green foliage has creamy white margins. Although it's suitable as an indoor house plant, it can grow outside in USDA zones 6 through 9.
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