The British Motor Corporation (BMC) produced Mini Cooper automobiles from 1959 to 2000. It was England's answer to the Volkswagen Beetle and served as a 1960s British icon much like the Beetle did for Germany. BMW purchased the Mini line of automobiles in 2000.
Early Austin Mini Coopers --- designated the 1071S --- through 1963 feature a water-cooled, in-line, four-cylinder engine displacing 997cubic centimetres (ccs) with a 2.46-inch bore and 3.2-inch stroke. The compression ratio is 9:1 to generate 70 horsepower. For 1964, the Mini, now the 970S, reduced its displacement to 970cc and horsepower to 65 in a cost-saving measure.
Although the 1964 and later Minis feature smaller engines, the dimensions remain consistent. The car comes as a saloon, estate and commercial wagon and the pricier Wolseley Hornet/Riley Elf. The saloon features an 80.2-inch wheelbase and is 120.2 inches long. By contrast, the estate and commercial versions measure 133.5 inches long, while the Hornet/Riley is 129.9 inches long. Kerbside weight ranges from 617 Kilogram to 686 Kilogram depending on the model.
Chassis and Performance
Independent front and rear suspension equipped with damper units and rubber springs cushion the front wheel-drive Mini. Front seven-inch discs and rear seven-inch drum brakes stop the car. The pre-1964 models reach zero to 60 miles per hour (mph) in 16 seconds with a top speed of about 90mph.
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