Different types of waste disposal

Written by jennifer burdett
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Different types of waste disposal
Varieties of waste disposal makes a cleaner and healthier environment. (recycle smile image by Tammy Mobley from Fotolia.com)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) produces a biannual report regarding the generation and disposal of waste in the United States. According to the 2008 report, during the U.S. generated approximately 250 million tons of trash. Of that amount, the average daily waste per citizen was 2.04 Kilogram of trash a day. Only 1 227gr of trash per person is actually placed into the recycle waste disposal system.

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Incineration

Incineration is a waste disposal method that began in the United States during the 1890s. Incineration started as an easy solution to getting rid of waste products by burning them, but now incinerators are energy-producing, multitasking mechanisms able to create electricity, heat and steam as well as being able to destroy waste products. Incineration waste disposal uses extremely high temperatures during its working process that they are able to destroy biomedical waste products and toxic materials. Incinerators reduce possible land waste by approximately 90 per cent.

Different types of waste disposal
Incineration is one type of waste disposal. (artistic waste incineration image by Jeff from Fotolia.com)

Recycling

Using recycling as the most-used method of waste disposal enables societies to save further depletion of natural sources of the earth such as minerals, timber and water, enabling re-stabilisation of the environment. More beneficial information regarding recycling has been largely promoted by governments worldwide because it is an important, positive change many can make. Recycling turns trash into new, usable products such as paper, metal, glass and plastic products are also reproduced. The more products that are recycled each year enables less land filling and less incineration. There are three main steps for recycling a product. The first step of the recycling process is collecting and sorting, the second step is manufacturing the product, and the final step is resale.

Different types of waste disposal
Recycle as many waste products as possible to save the planet's natural resources. (Recycling image by Riccardo from Fotolia.com)

Composting

The waste disposal method of composting is similar to recycling but only for 100 per cent organic goods. Organic waste can be used as compost in any garden, field or area of natural land. Compost provides soil with nutrients and fertilisation as well as enables the land to retain more moisture than usual. Up to 30 per cent of the world's waste is organic material that could of been used on land, saving on further landfill storage.

Different types of waste disposal
Natural organic compost fertilises soil with more nutrients for your food and garden. (Erdbeerpflanze image by lamaka from Fotolia.com)

Throwing Garbage Away

The most common method of waste disposal is simply throwing trash away in the nearest dustbin. Environmental research studies and scientific development has come a long way over the past 50 years and have developed several methods for individuals to help make the environment a better place for future generations to live. It is easy to just throw trash away in plastic bags, which can take 1,000 years to break up, but it is better to separate garbage before it is placed in a trash bag and take a regular trip to the recycling bins or even better, send the kids out instead. Then the future generation can hold a stronger perspective of how important it is to keep the environment clean.

Different types of waste disposal
Using less plastic trash bags will help cut down on waste. (dustbin image by Nino Pavisic from Fotolia.com)

Radioactive Waste Disposal

Radioactive waste can be extremely hazardous to the environment and all living creatures. The method of nuclear or radioactive waste disposal involves governments finding the right location for the deposit of any nuclear waste that enables the environment and population to remain in safe conditions. Types of radioactive waste include products that have been produced from mining, power generation, the defence industry, medicine and scientific research, and it can take thousands of years for waste products to become nonradioactive.

Different types of waste disposal
Radioactive materials can harm the environment if not dealt with safely. (radioactive image by Soja Andrzej from Fotolia.com)

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