List of Trees of Northern India

Written by johanna parry cougar
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List of Trees of Northern India
Trees surrounding the Taj Mahal in Agra, Northern India. (Taj Mahal through trees image by Bob from

Haryana is a state in India. Historically it is considered to be a part of Kuru region of north India. The name Haryana is found mentioned in the 12th century AD by the famous Apabhramsha (a form of Gujarati language) writer Vibudh. Haryana has a forest covered land of about 3.5 per cent of the total area. This is a thorny, dry deciduous forest made up of pine and thorny shrubs. The forests can be found all over the state. The primary trees that cover the area are Kikar or Babul (Acacia nilotica), Khair (Acacia catechu), Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Shisham or Indian Rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo).

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Neem trees are immune to termite infestation. The oil from the Neem tree is highly medicinal, and is known as a natural pesticide, antibacterial agent and is also viral resistant. Neem has one of the most active and currently identified ingredients for pesticide resistance called 'azadirachtin'. It finds applications in Neem-based pesticide formulations. These formulations are safe, natural, biodegradable and manageable at the farmer's level. Neem oil is environmentally friendly, unlike chemical and synthetic pesticides which leave behind residues polluting air, water and soil.

List of Trees of Northern India
Neem is an important antibacterial and pesticide. (neem image by fotomagic from


Indian Rosewood is planted often in India because they consider it to be an important rainforest tree. When used as medicine, Indian Rosewood holds many valuable properties. Rosewood oil stimulates new cell growth, regenerates tissues, helps minimise lines and wrinkles as well as helping balance both dry and oily skin. It can prove useful against acne. Rosewood is also important fuel for rural people of Northern India. It is used for shade and shelter in the hot arid weather. Rosewood trees are used for the making of furniture, doors, windows, ship floors, plywood, skis, musical instruments and carvings. It is also known to be very durable, and so it is used in the making of martial art weaponry, particularly as the shaft of spears and in making gun staves. Rosewood oil is used in perfumes, too.


In India, Acacia is more commonly known as Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo). It is known internationally as a primary timber species of the rosewood genus. Shisham is an important fuel wood, shade, and shelter in the hot, dry regions of rural India. Acacia is used to make multiple products, is tolerant of light frosts and long dry seasons. The species has great potential for profitable tree farming, reforestation and agro forestry applications. After teak, Acacia is the most important cultivated timber tree in Haryana as well as the rest of India and can be seen planted on roadsides and as a shade tree for tea plantations.

List of Trees of Northern India
There are many varieties of the beautiful, flowering Acacia tree. (acacia - tree image by Dagmara Czechowska from

North Indian Trees Found in America

Another Indian tree also commonly seen in America is Pipal, or Bo Tree, which is also known as the Ficus tree, and is found in indoor plant shops in America. Aam or Mango tree makes a fruit that many appreciate. Jamun or Java Plum is another common north Indian fruit tree also found in America. Other significant northern Indian trees include Imli or Tamarind (Tamarindus indica), Barh or Banyan (Ficus indicus), Sagwan or Teak (Tectona grandis), Ber or Indian Jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana), to name just a few.

Other Northern Forest Trees

The Kalesar forest is also found in northern India. This forest is full of Sal trees. The Ritha tree can be found in the Morni Hills as well as in the Kalesar forest. Another bigger northern forest is the Saraswati Plantation near Pehowa. Another important shrub species of the state of Haryana is the leafless Kair or Teat (Capparis decidua). An important plant that has religious and medicinal values, is the Tulsi. For flower lovers, there is the beautiful Kachnar tree, whose flowers are used for many purposes. Other trees that are found in Haryana are Tun (Red Cedar), Baheda and Bel.

List of Trees of Northern India
The Indian red Cedar has a cousin in American forests. (Red Cedar at Picton castle April 2008 image by David Stirrup from

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