Succulents are plants with thick, fleshy leaves and tubers or stems. These plants have evolved in arid environments, and their specialised forms help them to store water for long-term sustenance. More than 60 plant families are considered succulent; cacti are the most recognised succulents. Succulents come in a wide range of sizes, forms and colours in shades of green, blue-green and purple-red.
String of Pearls
String of pearls (Senecio rowleyanus) is a succulent that has pearl-like, round leaves at intervals on trailing stems. The plant is a native of South Africa and grows well in the greenhouse or as an indoor plant in temperatures of 10.0 to 23.8 degrees C. String of pearls has an average humidity requirement and prefers to be placed in areas of full sunlight. Place the pot on pebbles in a dish of water to increase the humidity levels in dry conditions.
The plant can be easily propagated with stem cuttings, seeds or leaf cuttings placed in moist soil. String of pearls is a poisonous plant and should be used with caution in homes with children or pets.
The plover eggs plant (Adromischus cooperi) is a succulent consisting of tight clusters of thick leaves growing close to the growing medium. The plant is a native of South Africa and grows best in indoor or greenhouse temperatures of 10.0 to 23.8 degrees C. The plover eggs plant has a low humidity requirement and prefers to be placed in full sunlight. Plant in well-drained, moist, general purpose growing medium.
The plover eggs plant needs good air ventilation and is partial to over-watering. The plant has a preference for rainwater. It is easy to propagate plover eggs with leaf cuttings or seeds planted anytime during spring or summer.
Velvet rose (Aeonium decorum) is a succulent with broad leaves that grow in the form of rosettes. The rosettes grow close to the soil when they are small and are eventually carried higher on the tips of 2-foot-long branches. The plant is a native of the Canary Islands and prefers an average temperature of 10.0 to 23.8 degrees C. Velvet rose has a low humidity requirement and prefers areas of full sunlight. The plant is susceptible to mealy bugs, and it is best to inspect plants well before buying. Keep velvet rose cool in winter and place in an area with good air circulation. The stems of the plants die out after they have flowered and need to be pruned out.